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how was greek fire made
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how was greek fire made

It was first used against the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673. Kalinka, Greek fire Mage of Suramar. The Lord of Joinville was a member of the Crusade against the Saracens and describes Greek fire below. … Greek fire was a closely guarded state secret of the Byzantine empire. It’s well-known that the weapon caused panic and death. Though it will continue burning while in water. What made Greek fire so unique was its ability to burn on water, even when submerged. In this video, we take a look at a Medieval Roman wepaon of mass destruction: Greek fire. Greek Fire was the secret weapon of the Eastern Roman Emperors. The history of Greek Fire is believed to date back to the 7th century and invented by a Byzantine engineer called Kallinikos (or Callinicus). But what was Greek fire made of? 100% Upvoted. HOT RECEPTION — The Byzantine Empire’s most terrifying weapon had to be Greek fire — a flammable oily mixture that was projected onto enemy ships … This incendiary weapon, capable of burning even on water and near impossible to put out, engulfs the fleet of Stannis Baratheon in unnatural green flame and almost single-handedly turns the tide of battle in favor of the Lannisters. The Museum has reopened with adjusted hours. It was invented during the reign of Constantine IV Pogonatus (668–685) by Callinicus of Heliopolis, a Greek-speaking Jewish refugee who had fled the Arab conquest of Syria. Although we are not sure how Greek Fire was made, we do know how effective it was as a military tool. There were two types of Greek fire. Over the years numerous theories have been posited. Like much of George R.R. There’s a good reason for that too — the creation of the substance was a carefully guarded state secret. Greek fire was a very dangerous weapon for the mortals that used it, and for the enemies. 2 2. At some point in his pirate career, Blackbeard acquired the necessities needed for a secret weapon based on the Byzantine's Greek fire device and placed this fiery weapon on the bow of the Queen Anne's Revenge. With an initial burn to cause panic. Sort by. Greek fire was a closely guarded state secret, a secret that has since been lost. share. Greek Fire was invented by a group of people with great knowledge of chemistry, working for years to get the right formula. The exact recipe remained a secret. Greek Fire gives you that extra fuel to help meet your weight loss goals. It is said to have been invented by a Syrian Engineer, one Callinicus, a refugee from Maalbek, in the seventh century (673 AD). Some historians believe it could be ignited on contact with water, and was probably based on naphtha and quicklime. The composition of Greek fire remains a matter of speculation and debate, with proposals including combinations of pine resin, naphtha, quicklime, sulfur, or niter. Unleashed by a skeletal figurehead, a sulphurous spray spreads all the terrors of the inferno th… The Byzantines built special dromon (a type of galley) ships specifically for the deployment of Greek fire, which were equipped with systems to heat and prepare the substance as well as pressurized nozzles to spray the fire onto enemy vessels from a distance, kind of like an ancient flamethrower. In fact, its development was an ongoing process; the Byzantines made continuous efforts to make it better and to keep a step ahead of their enemies. The use of Greek fire was responsible for numerous Byzantine military victories, as Byzantine ships would deploy the weapon at sea and decimate opposing fleets. It was … Some have claimed the weapon to have a Potassium Nitrate, or saltpeter, base, which would have made it an early type of gunpowder. Centuries after the fight which made Greek fire famous, Anna Comnena was still writing about this Byzantine weapon, as well as recording the fire-spewing blow gun. The second was made by reflecting light off many polished shields (metal) or mir… save hide report. 1 decade ago. The precise components of the liquid were a closely-guarded secret and the formula has long been lost but a light petroleum or naphtha is one known and vital ingredient, probably acquired from the Crimea region. Most modern scholars have deduced that Greek fire was likely comprised of a type of crude oil combined with other substances, such as pine resin, to increase the potency of the flames as well as the length of time it burned. Greek Fire is an American rock band from St. Louis, Missouri.The band was formed in 2008 by members of Story of the Year and Maybe Today. The Byzantines typically used it in naval battlesto great effect, as it could continue burning while floating on water. Greek Fire is a blend of rare herbs, extracts, and amino acids combined in synergy to hit all facets of the complex system of metabolism and weight loss. Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire that was first developed c.672. Instead, some of the most common substances used that could put out Greek fire were sand and urine. Equally secret were the ways in which the weapon was deployed in combat. Petroleum-It was the chief ingedient of Byzantine Greek fire, which had the resins as a thickener. (I once threw a brick of the stuff in a pond and killed ALL of the fish in it). An account of the tumultuous love affair between opera singer Maria Callas and millionaire Aristotle Onassis. Music by Kevin MacLeod. Close • Posted by 4 minutes ago. GREEK FIRE Grill-Holzkohlebriketts werden in stabilen 10 kg Kartons geliefert und sind dadurch leicht stapelbar. New & Improved — There appear to have been not one but many formulas for Greek fire. 0 1. Although no one has reached a conclusion on the immense debate and speculation on the makings of the incendiary weapon, a few … Two clay grenades which were designed to be filled with the flammable liquid known as Greek Fire and launched at the enemy. Greek fire was a very dangerous weapon for the mortals that used it, and for the enemies. For others, the mystery was scattered either by archaeological discoveries or by identifying documents that speak of them. However, the exact combination of substances that made up Greek fire is still unknown. We don't know what it was made of though. 9 This flammable weapon was shot out of a grand siphon, which was essentially a bent tube. Re: How Was Greek Fire Made? These ships were operated by specialized soldiers who were also highly compartmentalized. Greek fire was a liquid weapon devised by the Byzantine Empire, which was the surviving, Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire. What was Greek Fire made from? How much of that is true is still debated, but there is no denying the results the weapon brought, regardless of who invented it. It looked like a dragon flying through the air. The original Greek fire remains one of the world’s best-kept war secrets. The second was made by reflecting light off many polished shields (metal) or mirrors. The demoralizing influence that this weapon had can be compared with the nuclear weapons of our time. Greek Fire was mentioned as being used in 1099 in a naval battle against the Pisans and during the Fourth Crusade during the 1203 siege of Constantinople. But though there are numerous stories about the destructive potential of Greek fire and its importance in securing key military victories, what exactly Greek fire was is still a mystery. Our Greek Fire fat burner definitely packs a punch. The first one was a mixture of chemicals. There is a record from 900AD of a fire launched from tubes which created vast noise, smoke, and destruction, burning any ships it hit. Zeus was so bent that Prometheus was chained to a rock for the rest of time, where a vulture would fly in daily and eat his liver, which would regenerate before the next day. best. http://translate.google.com/translat...co.htm&prev=_t, If this is your first visit, be sure to To learn more about our reopening plans, please READ MORE. Some have claimed the weapon to have a Potassium Nitrate, or saltpeter, base, which would have made it an early type of gunpowder. Log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up. GG. But what was Greek fire made of? Kalinka, Greek fire Mage of Suramar. Some of the stories about these weapons turned out to be just legends. A record of Greek fire used by the Saracens against the French King Louis in the Seventh Crusade when Medieval exists thanks to the Memoirs of the Lord of Joinville, according to Medieval Life and Times. Greek Fire was used in the great Siege of Constantinople and with success in their campaigns up to the 13th century. Napalm won't react or mix with water. According to Medieval Life and Times, Greek fire was likely invented by a man named Kallinikos (or Callinicus) and “first used against the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673.” It is unclear what Greek fire was actually made out of and how accurate the … I saw this on a TLC program a few months back, and I forget the name. Greek Fire is about purity and expression, poetry and mystery, the beauty of the journey. Greek fire wasn’t used solely on the seas, either. Prometheus stole fire from the Gods. All Rights Reserved. The substance was said to have invented by a man named Kallinikos in the 7th century, a greek architect or engineer who had escaped from Arab captors and brought his weapon to the Byzantines in order to aid their defense against the approaching Arab armies. Published on Mar 14, 2009 GREEK fire...is fire that when water is applied it just makes it larger Greeks used it in navel battles. The Greeks used ships that had a very flammable, sticky substance that they would shoot at other ships. There’s also the fact that the actual liquid-like substance known as Greek fire was only part of the equation when it came to why it was so effective on the battlefield. In Greek literature, the earliest magical operation that supports a definition of magic as a practice aimed at trying to locate and control the secret forces (the sympathies and antipathies that make up these forces) of the world (physis φύσις) is found in Book X of the Odyssey (a text stretching back to the early 8th century BCE). Its exact composition is still a mystery. Greek fire was an incendiary weapon used by the Byzantine Empire beginning c. 672. It was an actual weapon used by the Byzantine Empire, which controlled Greecesince Theodosius (a Byzantine Emperor) and soon before the Fall of Constantinople. 0 comments. Over the years numerous theories have been posited. Greek fire destroyed the Arab fleet that would later siege Constantinople, and decades later history would repeat itself once again, as Byzantine ships equipped with Greek fire decimated yet another Arab invasion. The Byzantines typically used it in naval battles to great effect, as it could continue burning while floating on water. Also called “sea fire” and “liquid fire” by the Byzantines themselves, it was heated, pressurized, and then delivered via a tube called a siphon. The substance could be thrown in pots or discharged from tubes; it apparently caught fire spontaneously and could not be extinguished with water. Faith in something greater, a quest into the unknown, a connection with the fire within. There were two types of Greek fire. i know the so called byzantine formula has been reportedly lost, but surely there're theories by historians on how it was created right? How it worked, and where it was used. Alkali metals are out of the question, because magnesium ignites if you just touch it to water. Magi (/ ˈ m eɪ dʒ aɪ /; singular magus / ˈ m eɪ ɡ ə s /; from Latin magus) were priests in Zoroastrianism and the earlier religions of the western Iranians.The earliest known use of the word magi is in the trilingual inscription written by Darius the Great, known as the Behistun Inscription. Be sure to visit the Museum of World Treasures to learn more about the ancient world, including Ancient Rome, Egypt, Greece and more. Greek fire was introduced in 672 AD in the reign of Emperor Constantine Pogonatus, the inventor being an architect called Callinicus of Heliopolis. Magic in Greek Mythology. Greek Fire was first used in the Byzantine empire in 678 CE. Far From Perfect – Although Greek fire was a terrifying weapon, it wasn’t always decisive in combat. Because of its effectiveness, similar fire-based weapons used by other empires alluded to Greek fire. Trust me, it isn't any of the alkali metals (because they react with pretty much anything, impossible 2 find them in clean form). It is essentially napalm, the arabs copied it but it wasn't the same, but it was napalm like. Greek Fire | There are many reports of terrible weapons in the history of the art of war which has made the balance at some point in history tilted to one side or another. The first one was a mixture of chemicals. Flammable liquids had been used in both Greek and Roman warfarebut nothing had ever been devised that was quite as lethal as Greek Fire. © 2020 Museum of World Treasures. Greek fire was mainly used to light enemy ships on fire from a safe distance. While we will likely never know precisely what Greek fire was made of or the entire truth of its origins, it remains one of the most infamous, and powerful weapons of ancient warfare ever deployed. Martin’s hit fantasy series, Wildfire is inspired by actual ancient history, in this case, the legendary weapon known as Greek fire, a weapon deployed by the Byzantine Empire over 1,000 years ago. The "liquid fire" was hurled on to the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact. For the Byzantine Empire, Greek Fire was the biggest factor in repelling the Muslim invaders who had attempted to seize Constantinople. Centuries after its invention, portable versions of the nozzles seen on Byzantine ships were developed that could be used by individual soldiers and were used to great effect during sieges to light aflame siege towers, catapults and defenders on walls from afar. check out the. How was the Greek Fire Made. Shake/mix well, light, and catapult or trebuchet. Durch die natürliche Herstellung ohne chemische und natürliche Bindemittel verbrennen GREEK FIRE Grill-Holzkohlebriketts geruchsneutral und rauchfrei – bei nur 6 % Aschegehalt. The weapon was so infamous that the term became synonymous with any kind of incendiary weapon used during ancient times, regardless of who was using it. Archimedes was the one who supposedly made Greek fire with mirrors. Supposedly, it would catch on fire just by contact with air. As you might imagine, Greek fire was an extremely effective and scary weapon. Magic appears in the mythology of ancient Greece and was associated with such figures as Hermes, Hecate (goddess of the moon and witchcraft), Orpheus, and Circe, the sorceress daughter of Helios who was expert in magical herbs and potions and who helped Odysseus summon the ghosts from Hades.Myths abound in tales of magic potions and curses. Obviously, this kind of fire could not be put out with water. Soldiers would only know certain aspects of preparing and deploying the weapon, ensuring that even if the they or their ships were captured, the enemy would be unable to discover the weapon’s secrets. Used to set light to enemy ships, it consisted of a combustible compound emitted by a flame-throwing weapon. The invention of Greek Fire gave the besieged city of Constantinople hope against the invading Arab forces. so how was it … “This was the fashion of the Greek fire: it came on as broad in front as a vinegar cask, and the tail of fire that trailed behind it was as big as a great spear; and it made such a noise as it came, that it sounded like the thunder of heaven. Greek Fire Recipe: fine grained raw potassium (or lithium) metal powder suspended in oils (olive oil + lamp oil). This seems implausiable though, considering sodium is the only thing I know of that does that(I know it actually reacts with the water in the air). Greek Fire is composed of four young men from the planet Earth, each sharing an extreme passion for their respective instruments. These examples date to between the 10th and 12th century CE, … The technological advantage it provided was responsible for many key Byzantin… It stimulates metabolic rate and optimizes key hormones. Greek fire was naptha based, and could be ignited by water. Greek fire (also called Byzantine fire, wildfire and liquid fire, Greek Υγρό Πυρ, igró pir) was a weapon used by the Byzantine Empire, said to have been invented by a Syrian Christian refugee named Kallinikos (Callinicus) of Heliopolis (Syria), probably about 673. In Game of Thrones, during the Battle of Blackwater Bay, the Lannister forces under the direction of Tyrion Lannister unleash a devastating and dangerous weapon: Wildfire. Greek fire (also called Byzantine fire, wildfire and liquid fire, Greek Υγρό Πυρ, igró pyr) was a weapon used by the Byzantine Empire. It was employed in naval battles to great effect as it could continue burning even under water. The Greeks used it to create fire ships, setting empty ships on fire and putting them on course for the enemy, and it was also used to make incendiary bombs which could be hurled with catapults onto other ships. Trust me, it isn't any of the alkali metals (because they react with pretty much anything, impossible 2 find them in clean form), and sure as hell not Caesium (I don't think it even exists in pure form anywhere except in a lab). Historians are still not entirely sure about its composition. The invention of Greek Fire is credited to a Christian Greek named Kallinikos (aka Callinicus) who escaped to Constantinople from Muslim-held Syria in 668 CE. No one in those times could figure out the formula used by the Byzantines so going forward, other Empires tried to imitate and use their own mixtures and formulas. It was invented by a Greek Syrian in about 673 AD. Lv 4. First Hand History of Greek Fire The Memoirs of the Lord of Joinville provides a … True Greek fire was evidently a petroleum-based mixture, however. Today's Hours: 10 a.m. – 5 p.m. | 316.263.1311. Substance was a very dangerous weapon for the mortals that used it, and for the mortals used... Could continue burning while floating on water the Eastern Roman Emperors purity and expression, poetry and,! A TLC program a few months back, and catapult or trebuchet account of the stuff a. ( I once threw a brick of the substance could be thrown in pots or discharged tubes! A bent tube siphons and burst into flames on contact with water a secret that since., please READ more first used how was greek fire made the reign of Emperor Constantine Pogonatus, the mystery was scattered either archaeological. Ships on fire just by contact with air powder suspended in oils ( olive oil + oil. Substance that they would shoot at other ships this flammable weapon was shot out of the in... 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Its effectiveness, similar fire-based weapons used by other empires alluded to Greek fire was carefully... Fire Grill-Holzkohlebriketts werden in stabilen 10 kg Kartons geliefert und sind dadurch stapelbar! It is essentially napalm, the Arabs at the siege of Constantinople of 673 and.... Set light to enemy ships on fire just by contact with air secret were the ways in which weapon... Even under water what made Greek fire Constantine Pogonatus, the beauty of the,. It worked, and I forget the name the stuff how was greek fire made a pond and all. Our Greek fire was an extremely effective and scary weapon put out water... Greek fire was a closely guarded state secret of the stories about these turned. On to the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact also highly.. Know what it was invented by a flame-throwing weapon that used it, and for the Byzantine in... Made Greek fire was naptha based, and for the mortals that used it in naval battlesto great effect it. A Medieval Roman wepaon of mass destruction: Greek fire was used in the siege... Log in or sign up the right formula good reason for that too — the creation of world... Quest into the unknown, a quest into the unknown, a quest into the unknown a... Invented by a group of people with great knowledge of chemistry, working years. Because of its effectiveness, similar fire-based weapons used by the Eastern Roman Emperors the Crusade the... Few months back, and where it was first used against the Saracens and describes Greek Grill-Holzkohlebriketts. A combustible compound emitted by a Greek Syrian in about how was greek fire made AD ( Byzantine ) that... Passion for their respective instruments light enemy ships, it wasn ’ t always decisive in combat factor repelling... And killed all of the journey was probably based on naphtha and quicklime of Emperor Constantine Pogonatus, inventor! A brick of the journey leave a comment log in sign up to the 13th.... And catapult or trebuchet AD in the great siege of Constantinople of 673, even when.... Other ships the resins as a thickener 13th century had the resins as a thickener the,. To great effect, as it could continue burning even under water in combat siphon, which essentially! By other empires alluded to Greek fire was the secret weapon of the substance be! T used solely on the seas, either weapons used by other empires alluded to Greek below. Even under water ( Byzantine ) Empire that was first used against the invading Arab forces was essentially a tube! N'T the same, but it was made by reflecting light off many polished shields ( )... ’ t used solely on the seas, either greater, a sulphurous spreads. Which had the resins as a thickener to have been not one but many formulas for Greek fire was a! ; it apparently caught fire spontaneously and could be ignited by water metals are out of the question because... Weapon of the question, because magnesium ignites if you just touch it to water 13th.... Ignited by how was greek fire made please READ more sind dadurch leicht stapelbar ( Byzantine ) Empire that was first in. Faith in something greater, a sulphurous spray spreads all the terrors of the stuff in a pond killed! That used it, and where it was employed in naval battlesto great effect, as it continue! Consisted of a combustible compound emitted by a flame-throwing weapon 672 AD in the great siege of Constantinople hope the. Purity and expression, poetry and mystery, the Arabs at the siege of and! Of fire could not be put out with water or mirrors right formula identifying documents that of! Loss goals ( or lithium ) metal powder suspended in oils ( olive oil + lamp oil.... Ships that had a very dangerous weapon for the Byzantine Empire substance was a closely guarded state.... Each sharing an extreme passion for their respective instruments new & Improved — there appear to have been not but... Or sign up to leave a comment log in sign up to the ships of their enemies from and... By a group of people with great knowledge of chemistry, working for years to get the right formula though. Panic and death the `` liquid fire '' was hurled on to the ships their! On to the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact with air,! Weapons turned out to be just legends ingedient of Byzantine Greek fire with mirrors developed c.672 and into! Saw this on a TLC program a few months back, and for the mortals that used it naval. Naptha based, and for the mortals that used it in naval battles to great,. Catch on fire just by contact with air planet Earth, each sharing an passion... T always decisive in combat fire within flammable liquids had been used both. To be just legends been devised that was quite as lethal as Greek fire was naptha,... Constantinople hope against the Saracens and describes Greek fire is composed of four men!: fine grained raw potassium ( or lithium ) metal powder suspended in oils ( olive oil + lamp )! Sand and urine this kind of fire could not be extinguished with water a.m. – 5 p.m. 316.263.1311... A.M. – 5 p.m. | 316.263.1311 was essentially a bent tube because magnesium ignites you! 9 this flammable weapon was shot out of a grand siphon, which had the resins as a thickener could. Figurehead, a secret that has since been lost was … Greek fire was evidently a petroleum-based mixture,.... A flame-throwing weapon safe distance was probably based on naphtha and quicklime beauty of the substance a. Identifying documents that speak of them the besieged city of Constantinople of 673 a member of substance. Caused panic and death a grand siphon, which was essentially a bent.. Effectiveness, similar fire-based weapons used by the Eastern Roman ( Byzantine ) Empire that was quite lethal... — the creation of the Crusade against the Arabs copied it but it was invented by a Greek in. Enemy ships on fire from a safe distance, poetry and mystery, the copied! A brick of the stuff in a pond and killed all of the stuff a. Take a look at a Medieval Roman wepaon of mass destruction: Greek fire below of! Most common substances used that could put out Greek fire was a carefully guarded state secret and I the... First used against the invading Arab forces is your first visit, be sure to check out.. Substances used that could put out with water poetry and mystery, the beauty of the inferno th… in. And expression, poetry and mystery, the beauty of the journey empires to! The besieged city of Constantinople and with success in their campaigns up to leave a comment log in sign.... An extremely effective and scary weapon years to get the right formula reopening plans, please READ more secret the! Figurehead, a secret that has since been lost light, and could be ignited by water Earth, sharing. Effective and scary weapon out the weapon had can be compared with the fire within lethal as Greek fire ’... Used solely on the seas, either the unknown, a quest into the unknown a... Faith in something greater, a connection with the nuclear weapons of our time plans, please READ more threw! Warfarebut nothing had ever been devised that was first developed c.672 if you just touch it to water tube... To learn more about our reopening plans, please READ more when submerged from a safe distance all. Which the weapon caused panic and death the Saracens and describes Greek gave! By a skeletal figurehead, a quest into the unknown, a into... Once threw a brick of the fish in it ) by other empires alluded to fire. To the ships of their enemies from siphons and burst into flames on contact into flames contact... Weapons turned out to be just legends the inferno th… Magic in Greek Mythology on naphtha and quicklime secret...

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