American Civil War: The Battle of Philippi (1861) Union Commander. About Cleopatra: Valley Of The Nile The Ptolemies Alexandria Cleopatra's Father Cleopatra - Accession To The Throne Cleopatra And Caesar Alexandrine War Cleopatra - A Queen Battle Of Philippi Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. McClellan, who was not present at Philippi but was in charge of the department, won accolades. Eventually Brutusâs army broke and ran. On the night of June 2, 1861, and into the early hours of the next morning, thunderstorms lashed the mountains of northwestern Virginia and drenched the little town of Philippi—named not for the Macedonian city of antiquity, but for Philip Pendleton Barbour—a former Supreme Court justice and states’ rights advocate. Another victory soon after at Rich Mountain propelled him into command of the Army of the Potomac after the Union embarrassment at the Battle of First Bull Run (Battle of First Manassas) in eastern Virginia on July 21. Caesar loyalists Mark Antony, Octavian Caesar, and Marcus Lepidus formed a triumvirate. On the morning of May 14, 1861, Confederate Colonel George A. Porterfield of Charles Town, Virginia, stepped off the train from Harpers Ferry at Grafton. Philippi was the site of the first land battle of the Civil War, âThe Philippi Races,â on June 3rd of 1861. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. Let us know. Dates. Read the full article on the first battle of the Civil War. Though both sides claimed to have killed several of their opponents, there were no fatalities in the brief affair. Unable to hold Grafton—primarily a Union town—he withdrew to secession-supporting Philippi. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As a consequence, Antony, while still making a show of troop manoeuvres on the plain, attempted to cross the reed marshes undetected by building a causeway and, when behind the Republican camps, try to cut their supply lines. Synonyms: battle of Philippi; Philippi Instance hypernyms: pitched battle (a fierce battle fought in close combat between troops in predetermined positions at a chosen time and place). The first occurred on October 3rd, and the second, a few weeks later. It also was an important step on George B. McClellan’s road to becoming commander of the Army of the Potomac, the largest Union army. The battle was a brutal killing match with much confusion and little generalship on either side. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Define battle of Philippi. The battle was a brutal killing match with much confusion and little generalship on either side. Noun 1. battle of Philippi - Octavian and Mark Antony defeated Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC Philippi Macedonia - landlocked republic on the Balkan â¦ By pushing on through the stormy night, Kelley and Dumont caught the Confederates sleeping. Philippi was also pivotal in the further weakening of opposition to the rise of the Julio-Claudian dynasty in Rome. On 3 October, Antony and Octavian launched a frontal assault. Philippi was the first organized land action in the war (the impromptu Battleâ
House, two days earlier, could not be counted as such), and Union victory in this relatively bloodless battle propelled McClellan into the national spotlight. Porterfield was largely exonerated by a court-martial inquiry but never held field command again. Kelley survived and rose to the rank of brigadier general, in command of the Department of West Virginia. Brutus took over command of Cassiusâs forces and the fighting ended inconclusively. battle of Philippi synonyms, battle of Philippi pronunciation, battle of Philippi translation, English dictionary definition of battle of Philippi. Brutus pulled about a third of his army back in good order, but Antonyâs cavalry surrounded them. Some of the defenders made a brief stand while others took to their heels in the direction of Beverly, giving the battle the derisive nickname "the Philippi Races." Like the Battle of Pharsalus, Philippi also took place in Greece, being the largest engagement fought in Greece since the Persian invasions. 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